What was *platъ and how Did it Work? Reconstructing a Piece of Slavic Cloth Currency

Jan Kratochvíl and
Jakub Koláček (CZ)
Using a credit theory of money, we propose that at least some Slavic tribal communities underwent a process of social monetization. In order to fully support this hypothesis, however, many linguistic and historiographic sources would need to be discussed – a task which exceeds the scope of a single article. Therefore, we will here focus on examining (from technical perspective) the oldest type of “money”...

Dejima (JP)

Member of EXARC

Dejima is an artificial island constructed by Nagasaki merchants until 1636 under Japan's feudal government (Tokugawa government) to continue the trade with the West while banning Christianity.

The area of Dejima, a fan-shaped island, is about fifteen thousand (15,000) square meters. In 1641, the Dutch moved in from Hirado to Dejima. Exchange between Nagasaki and the Dutch flourished after that, including trade, diplomatic relations, culture and study...


1. Buying and selling, the exchange of goods between people or peoples.
2. a craft

In the Late Middle Ages in the Netherlands, were there already shops where clothing, furniture and food was for sale (NL)?

At crossings of trade roads (over land and water) often, places were set up for (year)markets. These places were often occupied only a part of the year, but the most important ones grew out to permanent settlements and eventually complete towns...