Peat Burns: The Methods and Implications of Peat Charcoaling

Paul M. Jack 1
Publication Date
The Northern Isles of Scotland offer a fascinating case study for understanding past economies and resource management due to the comparative lack of trees found elsewhere in the British Isles. Archaeological evidence proves that this environment did not prevent the development of industrial pursuits in this region during the Iron Age and local accounts dating to ...

Experiments with Lime Mortars containing Charcoal and Ashes

Αntonis Vlavogilakis 1
Publication Date
We encountered a number of cases in the published archaeological studies where ashes and charcoal were used as aggregates in ancient lime mixtures. These mixtures were tested in a small number of experiments, and this paper presents the results. Our tests confirmed that charcoal retains moisture and can be used to help mortars retain water. It does not, however...


Fuel made of black carbon formed by heating wood without air.
Definition source: Chambers 21st Century Dictionary

From the Soil to the Iron Product - the Technology of Medieval Iron Smelting

Adam Thiele 1
Publication Date
2013 EXARC meeting at Csiki Pihenökert (HU)
***Nowadays, the development of technology rushes past the people of the machine-based technical civilisation, therefore they fail to understand the technological wonders that surround them. One of these is the ancient technology of iron smelting...