EXARC Journal Issue 2022/4

© EXARC, 2022; ISSN: 2212-8956;
Publishing date: December 2, 2022;
PDF: EXARC Journal 2022/04 Table of Contents

The EXARC Journal consists of Reviewed articles and unreviewed Mixed Matters contributions. As a Service to all our Interested Readers, the Full EXARC Journal is Open Access. Please consider supporting EXARC with a donation (PayPal) or Become an EXARC Member.


Listen in to the episode of "EXARC Extracts", where we provide you with a short summary of the articles in the latest issue of the EXARC Journal. Matilda Siebrecht summarises the reviewed articles from the 2022/4 issue of the EXARC Journal. It includes five reviewed articles as well as five unreviewed mixed matter articles.


Reviewed Articles

Launching an Experimental Archaeology Course at the Undergraduate Level

Jake Morton 1 ✉,
Austin Mason 2
Publication Date
This article describes the process of designing and running a new course on Experimental Archaeology and Experiential History at a small liberal arts college in central Minnesota. We discuss the general methodological and pedagogical goals for the course, a representative three-week sequence of readings and labs based on the lives of shepherds, and the pedagogical and digital infrastructure...

Anglo-Saxon Beads: Redefining The “Traffic Lights”

Sue Heaser 1
Publication Date
Many thousands of glass beads have been excavated from Early British cemeteries of the fifth and sixth centuries AD. Amongst these beads is a type that was particularly common: decorated polychrome beads in red, yellow, and green glass in a variety of styles and combinations. Birte Brugmann, in her 2004 analysis of Saxon-period glass beads (Brugmann, 2004), named these beads “Traffic Light” (TL) beads...

“Cuts Stones of all Sorts, In the Best Manner…”: Experiments in 18th Century lapidary work in America

E. Giovanna Fregni 1
Publication Date


Colonial Williamsburg is unique among open-air museums. It encompasses 70 hectares (173 acres), where there are no barriers, except for motorised vehicles. Visitors can walk along the streets and visit shops, although an admission ticket is needed to enter workshops and interpretive centres.  People working at Colonial Williamsburg are dressed in period costumes and are well versed in both history, the crafts they demonstrate, and in explaining them to the public.