EXARC Journal Issue 2023/2

© EXARC, 2023; ISSN: 2212-8956;
Publishing date: June 17, 2023;
PDF: EXARC Journal 2023/02 Table of Contents

The EXARC Journal consists of Reviewed articles and unreviewed Mixed Matters contributions. As a Service to all our Interested Readers, the Full EXARC Journal is Open Access. Please consider supporting EXARC with a donation (PayPal) or Become an EXARC Member.


Listen in to the episode of "EXARC Extracts", where we provide you with a short summary of the articles in the latest issue of the EXARC Journal. Matilda Siebrecht summarises the reviewed articles from the 2023/2 issue of the EXARC Journal. It includes six reviewed articles as well as eight unreviewed mixed matter articles.


Reviewed Articles

Scandinavian Arrowheads of the Viking Age, Their Manufacture and Distribution

Hector Cole 1
Publication Date
In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the arrowheads used in the Viking Age and their distribution. The 187 excavation of Viking graves in the Black Earth of Birka region of Sweden, re-examined in 2019 by Price (Price, et al., 2019) and the finding of arrows and arrowheads where glaciers have melted in Norway, prompted my research into the forging techniques of specific arrowheads from these...

Reconstruction of ‘Lattara type’ Housing in a French Archaeosite in Southern France

Valentin Grande 1 ✉,
Corinne Le Baud 1
Publication Date


The archaeological material for this period is scarce locally and does not give enough data for reconstruction. Thus, the decision was made to experiment on building techniques of the various types of habitats encountered in archaeological excavations throughout the south-eastern quarter of France in the regions near Ardèche such as Gard and Herault. The building material was chosen to fit the local climate and resources, and to provide reconstructions that would be compatible with the archaeological context of southern Ardèche.

An Experimental Approach to Tannur Ovens and Bread Making in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula during the Iron Age

Carmen Ramírez Cañas 1 ✉,
Penélope I. Martínez de los Reyes 1,
Antonio M. Sáez Romero 1
Publication Date
Culinary culture has played an essential role in the configuration and interaction of human societies throughout history, shaping both individual and collective identities. Like the modern Mediterranean diet, Phoenician-Punic subsistence relied on cereals, often in the form of...

The Production of Roman Metal Screw Threads

David Sim 1 ✉,
Chris Legg 2
Publication Date

Metal Screw Threads In Antiquity

During the Roman period, small metal screw threads were used both as fastenings and to impart motion (Burstall, 1970, p.77; Singer, et al., 1972, pp.631–632). Screw threads as fastenings can be seen in some jewellery and screw threads to impart motion can be seen in olive presses. These screw threads could have either a square or V-shaped profile.

The Scottish Crannog Centre: Sustainable Thinking through Time and Place

Edward Hiden 1
Publication Date
The Scottish Crannog Centre is currently in the process of moving to a new larger site, just across the waters of Loch Tay to the northern shores. On our journey to our new home of Dalerb we took the decision to embrace sustainability in all its forms and consider how we can highlight certain sustainable practices that can be seen in the archaeological record...