The Celtic oppidum of Finsterlohr-Burgstall belongs with its extension of 123 hectares and the well-preserved wall to the largest and most interesting fortifications from Celtic times.
It lies on a plateau protected from three sides over the Tauber Valley and was nevertheless surrounded with a 5 km long ring wall. This has been preserved on the endangered west side as a dam-like wall. Excavations showed that it was a post slot wall with an internally poured earth ramp.
The entrance to the north was a pincer gate with a gate street and a wooden gate. The size of the paved area, wall technology and pincer gate date the construction in the late Celtic period. The three construction phases of the wall, which are proven on the main wall, indicate a longer use, whereby the beginning and end of the settlement are just as unclear as the extent of the interior development. It is one of the city-like, fortified settlements in natural defensive position (oppidum), in the 2nd / 1st century ago throughout Celtic Central Europe. These were tribal and ruling centers as well as trade areas.
Only a part of the large areas that are cultivated and settled, other areas served as pasture and arable land, for the extraction and processing of natural resources and for the recording of humans and livestock in dangerous times. Numerous settlements and coin finds in the immediate vicinity suggest that the Oppidum Finsterlohr-Burgstall played a central role in the region. It is possible that the migration of Germanic tribes in the years 113-101 BC led to the end of the settlement. Only in the Middle Ages the area was used again by humans. Probably in the 13th century the hamlet "Burgstall" was founded here. The name means "abandoned castle" - as such, the investment was well regarded in the Middle Ages.
Embedded in a beautiful landscape, the monument today offers a unique symbiosis between culture and nature. About seven stations, the approximately 2.5 km long nature trail opens up the facility in its historical, functional and cultural significance.
The association Keltisches Oppidum Finsterlohr- Burgstall e.V. offers guided tours in German for children and adults. On request also in costume.
Contact for guided tours: Ulrike Kammleiter, Tel: (+49) 74933 7825.